mercredi 19 octobre 2011

Marcello Gandini (introduced the concept of scissor doors)

Marcello Gandini is an Italian car designer, widely known for his work with the automotive design house Gruppo Bertone, notably his design of the Lamborghini Countach. Together with Giorgetto Giugiaro and Leonardo Fioravanti, Gandini forms a noted triumvirate of Italian car designers, all born in 1938, within months of each other. Gandini currently continues to work on automotive and aviation design.

In a 2009 interview with Robert Cumberford, editor at Automobile Magazine, Gandini indicated "his design interests are focused on vehicle architecture, construction, assembly, and mechanisms - not appearance."

In 1963, Gandini approached Nuccio Bertone, head of the Gruppo Bertone company, however Giorgetto Giugiaro, then Bertone's chief designer, refused to work with him. When Giugiaro left Bertone two years later, Gandini was hired, and worked for the company for fourteen years.

Creator of Stile Bertone in Caprie, Gandini served as general manager of the styling house, designing show cars as well as managing the construction of prototype automobiles.

Gandini designed Lamborghini's Miura and Countach and many practical cars as well, including the Citroën BX, the first-generation BMW 5-series, the Innocenti Mini, and the Renault Supercinq. He introduced the concept of scissor doors with the Alfa Romeo 33 Carabo prototype, while the Lancia Stratos supercar was another Gandini design.

Gandini left Bertone in 1980, pursuing freelance automotive, industrial and interior design.

Gandini designed many classic automobiles, including:
Alfa Romeo Montreal
Alfa Romeo 33 Carabo
BMW 5 Series (first gen)
Bugatti EB110
Citroën BX
Cizeta Moroder V16T
De Tomaso Pantera 90 Si
Ferrari Dino 308GT4
Fiat 132
Fiat X1/9
Iso Lele
Lamborghini Countach
Lamborghini Diablo
Lamborghini Espada
Lamborghini Jarama
Lamborghini Miura
Lamborghini Urraco
Lancia Stratos
Maserati Khamsin
Maserati Ghibli
Maserati Quattroporte IV (1994–2001)
Maserati Shamal
Renault 5 Supercinq
De Tomaso Biguà, Qvale, and Mangusta
Gandini also designed concept cars like for instance the Bertone Pirana.

Non-automotive work
Although best known for his work in the field of automotive design, Gandini has produced works in other areas, including home architecture, the design of a nightclub interior, and the body styling of the Heli-Sport CH-7 helicopter.

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